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Wildlife of Borneo - Totally Protected Species

Totally protected species are those listed in Schedule 1 of the wildlife.  No one may possess these species or any part or product from them without written authorisation from the Minister for Tourism Development, Environment, Science and Technology.

Totally Protected Mammals

 

Local Name : Badak Sumatra (My)
Common Name : Sumatran Rhinoceros

Scientific Name : Dicerorhinus sumatrensis
Order : Perissodactyla
Family : Rhinocerotidae
Status : WCE 1997 Schedule I Part I; CITES Appendix I ; IUCN E
Threats To Survival : Habitat loss and poaching for its horn, which is believed to have medical properties.
Conservation Measures : Protection by legislation. Establish protected areas network. Established interagency collaboration and new approaches in monitoring and research. Conducting captive breeding program. Translocation of doomed animals from areas where loss of habitat and poaching are threatening its survival. Government and NGOs working together in promoting public awareness for protection and conservation.

 

Local Name : Orang Hutan (My); Kogiu (Kd)
Common Name : Orang Utan

Scientific Name : Pongo pygmaeus
Order : Primates
Family : Pongidae
Status : WCE 1997 Schedule I Part I; CITES Appendix I; IUCN E
Threats To Survival : Habitat loss and poaching.
Conservation Measures : Protection by legislation. Establish protected areas network. Established interagency collaboration and new approaches in monitoring and research. Conducting natural rehabilitation and breeding programs. Translocation of doomed animals from areas where loss of habitat and poaching are threatening to its survival. Government and NGOs working together in promoting public awareness for protection and conservation.

 

Local Name : Beruang (My)
Common Name : Sun Bear/Malay Bear/Honey Bear

Scientific Name : Helarctus malayanus
Order : Carnivore
Family : Ursidae
Status : WCE 1997 Schedule I Part I; CITES Appendix I; IUCN V
Threats To Survival : Habitat loss and poaching.
Conservation Measures : Protection by legislation. Establish protected areas network. Established interagency collaboration and new approaches in monitoring and research. Government and NGOs working together in promoting public awareness for protection and conservation.

 

Local Name : Kera Belanda (My), Bangkatan (Kd)
Common Name : Proboscis Monkey

Scientific Name : Nasalis larvatus
Order : Primate
Family : Cercopitihecidae
Status : WCE 1997 Schedule I Part I; CITES Appendix I; IUCN V
Threats To Survival : Habitat loss and poaching.
Conservation Measures : Protection by legislation. Establish protected areas network. Established interagency collaboration and new approaches in monitoring and research. Government and NGOs working together in promoting public awareness for protection and conservation.

 
Photo Credit: http://www.tarsier.org

Local Name : Harimau Dahan (My)
Common Name : Clouded Leopard

Scientific Name : Neofelis nebolusa
Order : Carnivora
Family : Felidae
Status : WCE 1997 Schedule I Part I; CITES Appendix I; IUCN V
Threats To Survival : Habitat loss and poaching.
Conservation Measures : Protection by legislation. Establish protected areas network.  Established interagency collaboration and new approaches in monitoring and research.  Government and NGOs working together in promoting public awareness for protection and conservation.

 

Local Name : Duyung (My)
Common Name : Dugong

Scientific Name : Dugong dugon
Order : Sirenia
Family : Dugonidae
Status : WCE 1997 Schedule I Part I; CITES Appendix I; IUCN V
Threats To Survival : Habitat disturbance by fishing, poaching, accidental catch in fishing nets.
Conservation Measures : Protection by legislation. Establish marine protected areas network. Established interagency collaboration and new approaches in monitoring and research. Government and NGOs working together in promoting public awareness for protection and conservation.

Totally Protected Reptiles

Local Name : Buaya Julung-Julung (My)
Common Name : False Gharial

Scientific Name : Tomistoma schlegeli
Order : Crocodylia
Family : Crocodylidae
Status : WCE 1997 Schedule I Part I; CITES Appendix I; IUCN E
Threats To Survival : Habitat loss and poaching.
Conservation Measures : Protection by legislation. Establish protected areas network.  Establish interagency collaboration and new approaches in monitoring and research.  Government and NGOs working together in promoting public awareness for protection and conservation.

Local Name : Penyu Hijau (My)
Common Name : Green Turtle

Scientific Name : Chelonia mydas
Order : Testudinata
Family : Cheloniidae
Status : WCE 1997 Schedule I Part I; CITES Appendix I; IUCN E
Threats To Survival : Habitat loss, accidental catch in fishing nets and poaching of eggs and adults.
Conservation Measures : Protection by legislation. Establish marine protected areas network. Established interagency collaboration and new approaches in monitoring and research.  Government and NGOs working together in promoting public awareness for protection and conservation.

Local Name : Penyu Sisik (My)
Common Name : Hawksbill Turtle

Scientific Name : Eretmochelys imbricata
Order : Testudinata
Family : Cheloniidae
Status : WCE 1997 Schedule I Part I; CITES Appendix I; IUCN E
Threats To Survival : Habitat loss, accidental catch in fishing nets and poaching of eggs and adults.
Conservation Measures : Protection by legislation. Establish marine protected areas networking. Intensive monitoring and research.  Established interagency collaboration and approaches in monitoring and research.  Government and NGOs working together in promoting public awareness for protection and conservation.


Totally Protected Plants

Local Name : Periuk Kera (My)
Common Name : Pitcher Plant
Scientific Name : Nepenthes rajah
Family : Nepenthaceae
Status : WCE 1997 Schedule I Part II; CITES Appendix I
Description : A highland species found only on Mt. Kinabalu and Mt. Tambuyukon in Sabah, where it grows among grasses and shrubs on ultramafic soils. It is one of the largest (and certainly the most famous) species in the genus, and has captured the attention of botanists and explorers since it was first discovered in 1858. The huge purple lower pitchers can hold up to 3 liters of water, and have been recorded catching rats in the wild.
Threats To Survival : This species is highly localised and is therefore vulnerable to any negative impacts from habitat disturbance and collecting.
Conversation Measures : Protection by legislation. Government and NGOs working together in promoting public awareness for protection and conversation. Established interagency collaboration and new approaches in monitoring and research. 

Local Name : Orkid (My)
Common Name : Orchid
Scientific name : Paphiopedilum spp.
Family : Orchidaceae
Status : WCE 1997 Schedule I Part II; CITES Appendix I
Threats To Survival : Most species are highly localised and are therefore vulnerable to extinction because of habitat disturbance and collection.
Conversation Measures : Protection by legislation. Government and NGOs working together in promoting public awareness for protection and conversation. Established interagency collaboration and new approaches in monitoring and research.

Local Name : Bunga Padma (My)
Common Name : Rafflesia
Scientific Name : Rafflesia spp.
Family : Rafflesiaceae
Status : WCE 1997 Schedule I Part II; CITES Appendix II
Description : Seven out of fifteen species worldwide of Rafflesia can be found in Malaysia. R. cantleyi and R. kerrii are found in Peninsular Malaysia whereas R. arnoldii, R. pricei, R. keithii, R. tuan-mudae and R. tengku-adlinii in Sarawak and Sabah. R. keithii, R. tuan-mudae and R. tengku-adlinii are endemic to Malaysia.
Threats To Survival : Most species are highly localised and are therefore vulnerable to extinction because of habitat disturbance and collection.
Conversation Measures : Protection by legislation. Established interagency collaboration and new approaches in monitoring and research. Government and NGOs working together in promoting public awareness for protection and conversation.

Local Name : Akar Tetrastigma ( My)
Common Name : Tetrastigma (vine)
Scientific Name : Tetrastigma spp.
Family : Vitaceae
Status : WCE 1997 Schedule I Part II
Threats To Survival : Most species are highly localised and are therefore vulnerable to extinction because of habitat disturbance and collection.
Conversation Measures : Protection by legislation. Government and NGOs working together in promoting public awareness for protection and conversation. Established interagency collaboration and new approaches in monitoring and research.